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Gum Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Gum Disease: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Gum diseases are a general term for a range of conditions affecting the tissues surrounding the teeth, such as gingivitis and periodontitis. These conditions can lead to pain, discomfort, and even tooth loss. Understanding their nature, as well as methods of prevention and treatment, is key to a healthy smile.


Causes of Gum Diseases

  • Poor Oral Hygiene: Insufficient care of teeth and gums is the main cause of gum diseases development, including gingivitis and periodontitis.
  • Smoking: Smoking significantly increases the risk of developing gum diseases as it worsens blood circulation in the gums.
  • Diabetes: Diabetics are more prone to developing gum diseases, including periodontitis, due to increased susceptibility to infections.


Symptoms of Gum Diseases

  • Bleeding When Brushing Teeth: This is one of the first and most obvious signs of gum problems, including gingivitis.
  • Swelling and Redness of the Gums: Healthy gums should be pink and firm, not red and swollen, which is a sign of inflammatory diseases such as gingivitis.
  • Bad Breath: Constant bad breath can be a sign of gum infection, characteristic of various stages of periodontitis.


Treatment of Gum Diseases

  • Professional Cleaning: Regular visits to the dentist for professional cleaning can prevent the development of gum diseases, including gingivitis and periodontitis.
  • Proper Oral Hygiene: Brushing teeth twice a day and using dental floss helps maintain gum health and prevent the development of gingivitis and periodontitis.
  • Quitting Smoking: Quitting smoking is one of the best steps towards improving gum health and preventing periodontitis.


At Diente Sano Dental Clinic in Barcelona, we recognize the importance of gum health for the overall well-being of our patients. Our team of professionals uses advanced technologies and an individualized approach to each patient, ensuring the highest level of dental care. We are proud to offer comprehensive oral care services, including prevention and treatment of gum diseases.

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